Pre-market trading, also known as pre-open trading, refers to the trading activity that takes place before the official opening of the stock market. It offers investors the opportunity to buy and sell securities without incurring brokerage commissions. Learn more about this kind of trading to know more about the markets.
When does it start?
Pre-market trading typically commences before the opening bell, at 4:00 AM Eastern Time (ET) on weekdays. This aligns with the opening of futures markets, while the stock market officially opens at 9:30 AM ET. During this pre-market period, investors can engage in trading futures contracts, options, and other financial instruments.
Following the regular trading hours, which conclude at 4:00 PM ET, there is an additional period known as after-hours trading. This post-market time enables investors to continue trading stocks, options, and other securities.
Who regulates pre-market trading?
While pre-market trading presents opportunities, it is important to note the presence of specific regulations. For instance, the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) has established rules regarding the designated start and end times of pre-market trading. Additionally, certain trading activities, such as insider trading, are strictly prohibited.
Why trade pre-market?
There are several reasons why investors may opt for pre-market trading.
|Early reaction to the news
Pre-market trading enables traders to respond promptly to overnight news before the regular trading session commences. This can provide an opportunity to capitalize on significant price changes resulting from the news.
|Limited liquidity and wide bid-ask spreads
Pre-market trading typically experiences lower trading volumes compared to the regular session, resulting in limited liquidity, heightened volatility, and wider bid-ask spreads.
Pre-market trading offers flexibility for individuals who are occupied during regular trading hours, allowing them to initiate trades earlier in the day and manage their trading activities more effectively.
|Price uncertaintyPrices of stocks traded during pre-market hours may deviate significantly from those observed in regular hours, leading to uncertainty and potentially misleading signals about a stock’s strength or weakness.
|Potential for favorable pricing
Experienced traders can leverage the pre-market session to potentially obtain more advantageous prices for buying or selling stocks compared to the prices available during regular trading hours.
|Competition from institutional traders
Retail traders may face a competitive disadvantage in pre-market trading as the participant pool often includes institutional and professional traders who have access to superior and more timely information.
How to trade in the pre-market?
When you plan to engage in pre-market trading, follow these best practices:
🔍 Research. Stay updated on news releases that may impact stock prices to make informed trading decisions.
📋 Develop a trading plan. Establish a clear plan for pre-market trading activities, which can help maintain organization and guide decision-making.
🔭 Use forecasting tools. Pre-market price trends can serve as valuable forecasting tools to anticipate price movements when the regular market opens.
💓 Monitor market activity. Stay informed about market indices, economic and geopolitical factors, seasonality, and relevant corporate news to adequately prepare for the trading day.
In summary, pre-market trading represents a distinct facet of the stock market, enabling investors to engage in trading outside of regular trading hours. It offers opportunities for those who can swiftly react to news and events, but it is crucial to navigate within the framework of regulations and associated risks.